6 Reasons To Quit Diet Soda
Note from Chelsea: this is a guest post written by my Operations Manager, Carly Stagg, NTP.
Why I Quit Diet Soda
Growing up as someone with type 1 diabetes, I was encouraged to drink lots of diet soda because it was a “free” food. I drank it all.the.time., mainly because it was an escape from the endless carbohydrate counting and taking insulin injections! My entire family drinks diet soda, so I thought it was completely normal and that claims of harm were overstated at best. Needless to say, even as I transitioned my diet to become healthier and healthier, I still struggled to give up my diet soda. It slowly dropped down from daily to occasional as I wrestled with whether or not diet soda it is truly bad for you!
But the evidence I lay out here finally convinced me to completely give up diet soda a little over a year ago. Believe me, I know the addiction is real but I also know that it can be overcome. Allow this story to act as a disclaimer- this information is in no way meant to shame past choices or make you fearful, but to inspire you and your loved ones to make better ones in the future.
Diet Soda: The Backstory
Think back to the 1980s-2000s. Most diets were low-fat and included diet soda with aspartame as a “free food”. It’s gotta be so much better than regular sugar soda, right?
No calories, no sugar, so how harmful could it be?
Turns out, extremely harmful. This stuff is NOT good for your health. And I think on an intuitive level, many of us know this to be true. Just because it has the same “macros” as water does not mean it is equally healthy. 😉
Aspartame is responsible for myriad poor health outcomes, which have all been confirmed by independent research. 92% of independent studies found negative health effects from aspartame while 100% of industry studies found aspartame to be “totally safe”, according to Dr. Sarah Ballantyne, Ph.D..
Let’s get down to the nitty-gritty! I hope this information empowers you to make the best decision to honor your Holy Temple.
6 Reasons To Quit Diet Soda
#1. Aspartame Makes You GAIN WEIGHT
Aspartame exposure changes the gut microbiome (shifts toward the obesity-associated bacterial community rather than the healthy one), which may explain aspartame’s link to insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. This is the exact wrong approach to take for someone who is trying to drink diet soda to make their diabetes better- because all it does is worsen their gut bacteria, and therefore, their blood sugar levels!
Aspartame also can induce an insulin response because when the body tastes sweet, it expects that sugar is coming in. So it secretes insulin to compensate. Because of this, you will get rebound low blood sugar and then even more sugar cravings. Major vicious cycle!
#2. Aspartame Turns Into Formaldehyde In The Gut!
Aspartame breaks down into a 3 substances in our gut- phenylalanine, aspartic acid, and free methanol. This breakdown is sped up, especially if you’re drinking diet soda on an empty stomach.
According to Dr. Sarah Ballantyne, the methanol that is released when we break down aspartame is free methanol, completely unlike the methanol that is naturally contained in fruit which is bound up with fiber and therefore passes unabsorbed.
#3. Aspartame Increases Rates of Dementia & Stroke
According to an article in the journal Stroke, “… Higher recent and higher cumulative intake of artificially-sweetened soft drinks were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke, all-cause dementia, and AD dementia…Sugar-sweetened beverages were not associated with stroke or dementia.” (Pase, Himali, Beiser, Aparicio, Satizabal, Vasan, Seshadri, & Jacques, 2017.)
Many researchers believe the link between dementia and other nervous system disorders and aspartame exists due to this buildup of the previously mentioned compounds- methanol, phenylalanine, and aspartic acid.
An excess of methanol, similar to ethanol (the type of “alcohol” we are all most familiar with), can cause depression of the central nervous system (think slowed breathing and decreased heart rate).
Excess phenylanine “blocks the transport of important amino acids to the brain contributing to reduced levels of dopamine and serotonin.” (Rycerz & Jaworska-Adamu, 2013). This is important because dopamine and serotonin are your feel-good, happy, anti-depressant neurotransmitters (brain chemicals)- see notes on anxiety and depression below.
And aspartic acid increases excitability of neurons- think anxiety, headache, twitching, and other effects- even seizures- similar to those experienced by those sensitive to MSG (Rycerz & Jaworska-Adamu, 2013).
Even more incredible? Aspartame has been shown to increase brain cell death and brain damage in mice (A. Onaolapo, O. Onaolapo, & P. Nwoha, 2017).
#4. Aspartame Increases Cancer Risk
Aspartame even at “moderate” levels of consumption (think 1 can of soda per day) is strongly linked to cancer when consumed over a lifetime. According to Dr. Ballantyne, aspartame can cause up to a 300% increase in incidence of lymphoma and leukemia, and has also been linked with cancers of liver, breast, prostate, and lung, among others. Exposure in utero has even been shown to impair normal development in mice, including excess growth of mammary (breast) tissue.
#5. Aspartame Worsens Mood Disorders Like Anxiety & Depression
This 1993 study had to be stopped early due to the severity of the adverse reactions in people with pre-existing depression. According to the study authors, “we conclude that individuals with mood disorders are particularly sensitive to this artificial sweetener and its use in this population should be discouraged.” (Walton, Hudak, & Green-Waite, 1993).
This may be due to the phenylalanine or methanol that are released during digestion, as they are actually able to permeate the barrier between our blood and brain. The full mechanism of action is still unclear and will need much more research!
#6. Aspartame Adds Fuel To The Inflammation “Fire”
In plain English, Aspartame depletes our antioxidants, making us much less able to respond to stress (stress includes anything like diet soda consumption, exercise (positive stress), eating less-than-optimal food choices, etc.) in the body. It also disrupts cell membrane integrity which means your cells are no longer able to regulate what comes in and what comes out of the cell (which is incredibly important!).
Why should we care about inflammation? Because inflammation is the PRIMARY driver of many diseases including diabetes, kidney disease, dementia, and cancer. Not to mention, it affects every aspect of your life- including how you look, feel, and function.
How To Quit Your Diet Soda Habit
If you drink diet soda and are wondering where to start in changing your diet and lifestyle, I would argue that quitting aspartame is the first, and most important step, you can take.
The harm related to diet soda is not exclusively limited to aspartame. Other sweeteners like sucralose or saccharin are not any better- I will get into those in another post!
Some safer alternatives that you can try to kick that "bubbly” habit include Zevia (a stevia-based soda company, the closest to diet soda taste in my opinion!), Blue Sky stevia soda, kombucha, Spindrift sparkling water, or LaCroix. None of these options are perfect (due to the “natural flavors”- which are basically a food industry catch-all term AND because many tin cans contain BPA and other chemicals) but DEFINITELY better than diet soda.
The bottom line? Diet soda is not food. It’s poison. Urge your family, friends, and loved ones to take a good look at the facts and reconsider their diet soda consumption. Send them this article or if they’re an auditory learner, this podcast (The Paleo View Episode 309) is a fabulous resource.
Thanks for reading!
What did you learn from this post? I’d love to hear your insights in a comment!